I-710 Project Summary
Interstate Highway 710 (I-710), the Long Beach Freeway, is a north-south interstate highway that connects the City of Long Beach with the San Pedro Bay Ports and central Los Angeles (Map left, source: Metro). I-710 is the principal route for trucks transporting marine cargo containers from the Ports to rail yards, local and regional destinations, including warehouses, distribution centers, and end users of the products being shipped.
Trucks using I-710 contribute to traffic congestion and have generated high levels of air pollutant emissions (e.g. diesel particulate matter, nitrous oxides). The health effects of diesel emissions are felt keenly among the communities adjacent to the I-710.
In response to these concerns, the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro) and its partner agencies are preparing an environmental document which identifies alternatives that improve the I-710 with respect to mobility, public health, and safety, while providing the capacity needed to accommodate forecast passenger travel and goods movement. The Gateway Cities Council of Governments Strategic Transportation Plan (STP), led by Cambridge Systematics, defined the work conducted on this project by CALSTART.
An important element of the alternatives is to move goods from the Ports to/from the rail yards with zero-emissions trucks. For the purposes of this work, “zero-emissions” means zero tailpipe emissions. Zero tailpipe emissions means that the vehicle emits no tailpipe pollutants from the onboard source of power. Emissions from power generation and distribution, fuel generation and distribution, and manufacturing process (or the ultimate disposal of the used vehicles) are ignored for the purposes of this report.
There are several technologies under development that could be applied to Class 8 drayage trucks and potentially enable goods movement with zero tailpipe emissions. CALSTART was tasked to evaluate which zero-emission (ZE) truck technologies might primarily meet the needs of the I-710 Corridor Project and drayage users, develop a preliminary business case for the more feasible technology alternatives, and describe a commercialization plan for these zero-emission capable trucks based on the technologies recommended.
The truck technologies CALSTART evaluated will enable a truck to operate in zero-emission mode while being driven in the I-710 region. The mileage driven in a zero-emission mode can vary, and CALSTART has grouped these into logical ranges. The assumption used for the Commercialization Study was 50 miles of ZE range, which is defined to represent “Clean Corridor Capable (3C)” trucks.
The development and deployment leading to the commercialization of 3C trucks will take a concerted effort. The 2 interim reports (TCO Report
and KPP Report
) led to the Final Report
, which lays out the future stages needed to achieve this deployment.
• Focused vehicle and infrastructure development, demonstration, validation, and deployment process
• Early action deployments of ZE vehicles and infrastructure in the Gateway Cities and port communities
• Regulatory framework for ZE drayage trucks
• Enhanced operational and business case assessment
• Fleet training, maintenance training, and decision support
Publications and Presentations
The Zero-Emission Truck Commercialization
Study Final Report incorporates findings from the Key Performance
Parameters (KPP) Report and the Technologies, Challenges, and
Opportunities (TCO) Report, along with additional research and analysis.
This final report summarizes the work conducted by CALSTART to evaluate
potential Class 8 drayage truck technologies, and lays out a plan to
achieve commercial production of these trucks. Several assumptions had
to be made about the required zero-emission range, and also the
potential development of infrastructure to support refueling of the
trucks. These assumptions are described as part of a business case
analysis that calculated return on investment, and the amounts of
incentive funding needed for some potential technology options to
achieve a 5 year simple payback. The report does conclude that
commercial production of zero-emission Class 8 drayage trucks for the
I-710 region is possible, but only if strong actions are taken right
away by a number of key stakeholders.
The Technologies, Challenges and Opportunities (TCO) Report is an update
of research work conducted by CALSTART in late 2011 with funding from
South Coast AQMD and LA Metro. In this updated report, the latest
information on zero-emission truck technologies is briefly summarized,
with a focus on the potential for developing a zero-emission capable
drayage truck for the I-710 goods movement corridor. Input from industry
experts is included, along with summaries of the most promising truck
architectures. Some of the challenges that must be addressed to
commercialize such ZE trucks are listed, with recommendations for
addressing those challenges. This TCO report was one of the foundational
documents for the I-710 Program final report, the ZE Truck
As part of the I-710 Program, CALSTART researched and
identified the Key Performance Parameters (KPPs) that freight operators
expect from their trucks. We interviewed leaders in the local freight
industry, and surveyed truck operators throughout the region to
determine which KPPs are most important. These KPPs will be used by the
zero-emission truck manufacturers to build vehicles that are accepted
into the marketplace. The KPP report presents our findings as well as
the implications for the zero emission truck industry.
(pdf) presented at ITS Working Group Meeting Rancho Dominguez, CA – November 13, 2013
The ITS WG is a working team of stakeholders in the I-710 project
region. It included trucking companies, government agencies, warehouse
operators, ITS consultants, and other people directly involved in
developing the I-710 project.. The intent was to summarize the Zero
Emission Truck Commercialization Final Report for this group that has
been working for several years on various aspects of the project. While
the presentation could not cover every detail of the actual final
report, it does provide a high-level summary and a few of the relevant