As new light rail systems and bus rapid transit services are developed in the United States, millions of people will remain unable to access public transit for their traveling needs. Many car-oriented people are unable or unwilling to walk over 1/4 of a mile to reach a new or existing transit service, and park-and-ride facilities are not always cost-efficient alternatives. There is a new option for bridging this "first mile / last mile" gap through the integration small and efficient Local-use Electric Vehicles (LEVs), bicycles, on-demand shuttles, and/or car sharing services into door-to-door transit solutions. These vehicles and services are promising since they represent a "smaller step" from the familiar car for short trips.